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{excerpt-include:Scanning And Proofreading Manual|nopanel=true}

h1. 5.  The metadata

           [5.1  The ISBN number|#5_metadata_the_isbn_number]\\

           [5.2  Title|#5_metadata_title]\\

           [5.3  Author(s)|#5_metadata_authors]\\

           [5.4  Language(s)|#5_metadata_languages]\\

           [5.5  Quality|#5_metadata_quality]\\

           [5.6  Copyright *holder*|#5_metadata_copyright_holder]\\
                  [A.  One or more copyright holders|#5_one_or_more_copyright_holders]
                  [B.  Multiple copyright notices|#5_multiple_copyright_notices]
                  [C.  No copyright holder|#5_no_copyright_holder]
                  [D.  For help determining the correct copyright holder|#5_for_help_determining_correct copyright_holder]

           [5.7  Copyright *date*|#5_metadata_copyright_date]\\
                  [A.  Individual books|#5_copyright_individual_books]
                  [B.  Omnibus _with_ a separate copyright notice|#5_copyright_omnibus_with_a_separate_copyright_notice]
                  [C.  Omnibus _without_ a separate copyright notice|#5_copyright_omnibus_without_a_separate_copyright_notice]
                  [D.  No copyright date|#5_copyright_no_copyright_date]
                  [E.  For help determining the correct copyright date|#5_for_help_determining_correct_copyright_date]

           [5.8  Publisher|#5_metadata_publisher]\\

           [5.9  Brief synopsis|#5_metadata_brief_synopsis]\\

           [5.10  Complete synopsis  (aka:  Long synopsis)|#5_metadata_complete_synopsis_long_synopsis]\\

           [5.11  Number of pages|#5_metadata_number_of_pages]\\

           [5.12  Adult Content|#5_metadata_adult_content]\\

           [5.13  Categories|#5_metadata_categories]\\

           [5.14  The Comments box|#5_metadata_the_comments_box]\\

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Please don't be put off by the length of this chapter!  We're being thorough and many examples here cover situations that don't occur frequently.

*\**  If you are submitting a book you have *scanned,* you will *enter* in the book's metadata.
*\**  If you are checking in a book you have finished *proofreading,* you will *verify* metadata that has already
    been entered and make corrections, if necessary.

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{anchor:5_metadata_the_isbn_number}

h2. 5.1  The ISBN number

        *\-*  Can normally be found on the copyright page of a book.  Also, it is often found on the back flap
           of a book jacket or the back cover of a paperback.

        *\-*  Bookshare strongly encourages submitters or proofreaders to enter the ISBN number, if it is
           included in the book.

        *\-*  Please enter the 13-digit ISBN if it is available.  (As opposed to the 10-digit ISBN.)

        *\-*  The ISBN number is optional since older books and even some new ones do not contain an ISBN.

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{anchor:5_metadata_title}

h2. 5.2  Title

        Occasionally, the title on the cover of the book will be different from the title inside the book!  *Check*
        *the copyright page to see what the official title is.*

\\
        If the book is part of a series of books, please add the series number to the title.
        +Examples+
        "The Hidden (Animorphs #39)"
        or
        "Dark Force Rising (Star Wars: The Thrawn Trilogy Vol. 2)"

\\
        If there are multiple editions of the book, please add the edition number to the title.
        +Example+
        "Financial Accounting (8th edition)"

\\
        If you are submitting an improved copy of a book that's already in the library please add "BSO-" to
        the beginning of the title of the book.  This tells an administrator that this book should replace the
        one currently in the library with the same title and author.
        +Examples+
        "BSO-Eye of the Needle"
        or
        "BSO-The Tale of Peter Rabbit".

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        Of course, the title should be in the same language as the content of the book.

        Also, the title should not be in all caps or in all lowercase.

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{anchor:5_metadata_authors}

h2. 5.3  Author(s)

        Figuring out what to put in the "Author(s)" field can sometimes be a bit challenging.

        {color:blue}*Please follow these guidelines for each author's name.*{color}

\\
        *\**  Put the first name first and the last name last:
           Wrong:        Ahl, Allison
           {color:teal}*Right:         Allison Ahl*{color}

\\
        *\**  Drop all titles, honorifics, occupations, degrees, etc.:
           Wrong:        Dr. Bart Ball
           {color:teal}*Right:         Bart Ball*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Clara Crawl, MSW
           {color:teal}*Right:         Clara Crawl*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Senator Dee Dahl
           {color:teal}*Right:         Dee Dahl*{color}

\\
        *\*  Exception:*  If the title is part of the official author's name, leave it in:
           Wrong:        Seuss
           {color:teal}*Right:         Dr. Seuss*{color}

\\
        *\**  Drop all commas +inside+ a name.
           (Commas are used to _separate authors_ when a book has multiple authors.)
           Wrong:        Fred Fall, Jr.
           {color:teal}*Right:         Fred Fall Jr.*{color}

\\
        *\**  Keep periods after initials and Jr.
           Wrong:        Gerald G Gall Jr
           {color:teal}*Right:         Gerald G. Gall Jr.*{color}

\\
        *\**  Put a space between initials
           Wrong:        H.H. Hall
           {color:teal}*Right:         H. H. Hall*{color}

\\
\\
        {color:blue}*Follow these guidelines when a book contains +multiple+ authors:*{color}

        *\**  For each name, follow the guidelines above.

        *\**  Separate each author's name with a comma, not "and" or "&" or "/".
\\
           Wrong:        Joe Morton and Frank Shaw
           {color:teal}*Right:         Joe Morton, Frank Shaw*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Greg Kent & Scott Jones
           {color:teal}*Right:         Greg Kent, Scott Jones*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Morton/Shaw/Kent
           {color:teal}*Right:         Joe Morton, Frank Shaw, Greg Kent*{color}

\\
        *\**  Do not use "Various" or "et al" or "others" as an author.  Please list all of the authors.
           Having the complete list will help others when they are searching the library.
           Wrong:        Various
           {color:teal}*Right:         Jim Bell, Cathy Dell, Mike Fell, Hank Gell*{color}

           Wrong:        Morton et al.
           {color:teal}*Right:         Joe Morton, Frank Shaw, Scott Jones*{color}

\\
        *\**  In the case of editors, compilers, adapters, translators, etc., *do not enter the individual's*
           *function after each name.*

           Wrong:        L. Lay, M. May (editors)
           {color:teal}*Right:         L. Lay, M. May*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Nan Nall (compiler)
           {color:teal}*Right:         Nan Nall*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Edited by Olive Owl
           {color:teal}*Right:         Olive Owl*{color}

\\
           Wrong:        Trans. Peter Paul
           {color:teal}*Right:         Peter Paul*{color}

\\
        *\**  If the author's name is missing from the book, then enter the editors of the company that put out
           the book.
           Wrong:        None
           {color:teal}*Right:         The Editors at the Walt Disney Company*{color}

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[Top of   *5. The metadata*|#top_anypage|Top of "5. The Metadata"]\\

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{anchor:5_metadata_languages}

h2. 5.4  Language(s)

        *\-*  The default Main Language is *English US* (American English).
        *\-*  The system will recognize up to 3 main languages in one book.
        *\-*  Often a book will contain only one _main language,_ and one need not do anything with the two
           drop-down lists for the Second Language and Third Language.


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{anchor:5_metadata_quality}

h2. 5.5  Quality

        The Bookshare Quality Tool does a good job and one can almost always leave this setting as one
        finds it.  Quality refers to the total number of errors in the file.  The choices are:

        *\**  Excellent or above,
           and
        *\**  Good or above.

        Excellent scans contain an average of less than one error (junk characters or other scanning
        errors) per page.

        Good scans contain an average of two or less errors per page.

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{anchor:5_metadata_copyright_holder}

h2. 5.6  Copyright holder

        Enter the name(s) of the copyright holder(s), for the copyright notice which is associated with the
        *latest* copyright date as based on the guidelines in the next section.

        {color:blue}*Do NOT follow the guidelines for entering Authors!  Instead, enter the name(s) of the*{color}
        {color:blue}*copyright holder(s), EXACTLY as stated in the copyright notice.*{color}

\\
{anchor:5_one_or_more_copyright_holders}

h3.         A.  One or more copyright holders

             The first example below shows how the information appears in the original book:

             {color:gray}*_The Hunt for Red October*{color}
             {color:gray}*Tom Clancy*{color}
             {color:gray}*BERKLEY BOOKS, NEW YORK*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1984 by Jack Ryan Enterprises, Ltd._*{color}

\\
             Since the copyright notice for "The Hunt for Red October" is:
             "Copyright © 1984 by Jack Ryan Enterprises, Ltd.",

             then enter "Jack Ryan Enterprises, Ltd." into the "Copyright Holder" field.

             Include all punctuation that may occur in the name of the copyright holder, as well as:
             "Inc.", "Corp.", or "Ltd.".

\\
             Another example is the copyright section of "Dragon's Kin", again as it appears in the original book:

             {color:gray}*_Dragon's Kin*{color}
             {color:gray}*Anne McCaffrey and Todd McCaffrey*{color}
             {color:gray}*Ballantine Books*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 2003 by Anne McCaffrey and Todd J. McCaffrey\_*{color}

\\
             Here the copyright holder is:
             "Anne McCaffrey and Todd J. McCaffrey"

             and +not+:
             Anne McCaffrey, Todd J. McCaffrey.

             Enter "Anne McCaffrey and Todd J. McCaffrey" into the "Copyright Holder" field.

\\
{anchor:5_multiple_copyright_notices}

h3.         B.  Multiple copyright notices

             Sometimes several pieces of a book will each have a different copyright holder, such as:
             the preface, the illustrations, the text, the graphics, short stories, the afterword, etc.

             {color:teal}*Use the name of the copyright holder of the _latest_ copyright notice +of the text+.*{color}
             {color:teal}*Ignore all the other copyright notices.*{color} 

\\
             For example, this is the copyright section for "The Abyss", as it appears in the original book:

             {color:gray}*\_The ABYSS*{color}
             {color:gray}*A Novel by Orson Scott Card based on an original screenplay by James Cameron*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1989 by Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation*{color}
             {color:gray}*Afterword by James Cameron copyright © 1989 by James Cameron*{color}
             {color:gray}*Afterword by Orson Scott Card copyright © 1989 by Orson Scott Card\_*{color}

\\
             The copyright holder you would enter +is+:
             "Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation"

             and +not+:
             James Cameron, nor Orson Scott Card

             James Cameron and Orson Scott Card are the copyright holders of the Afterwards, not of the
             main text.

\\
{anchor:5_no_copyright_holder}

h3.         C.  No copyright holder

             If there is no copyright holder, please reject the book.
             All books must have a valid copyright holder.

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{anchor:5_for_help_determining_correct copyright_holder}

h3.         D.  For help determining the correct copyright holder

             If you are unsure what copyright holder to use, you may send an email to:
             volunteer@Bookshare.org

             *with the entire copyright section pasted in the email.*

\\
             Alternatively, you could post the question on the  [Volunteer Discussion List|6. Extra reading#6_the_volunteer_discussion_list]

\\
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{anchor:5_metadata_copyright_date}

h2. 5.7  Copyright date

        If there are several copyright notices for the text itself (NOT including copyright notices for the
        preface, introduction, illustrations, short stories, or afterword), then use the copyright notice with
        the most recent date.

{anchor:5_copyright_individual_books}

h3.         A.  Individual books

             This can be tricky, so here are a number of examples:

             {color:gray}*\_How to Stop Worrying and Start Living*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948 by Dale Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1984 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie\_*{color}

             The most recent copyright date is 1984 and the copyright holders associated with that date
             are "Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie", which you would enter in the Copyright
             holder field.

\\
             {color:gray}*\_How to Win Friends and Influence People*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1936 by Dale Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright renewed © 1964 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*Revised edition copyright © 1981 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie\_*{color}

             The most recent copyright date is 1981 and the copyright holders associated with that date are
             "Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie", which you would enter in the Copyright
             holder field.

\\
{anchor:5_copyright_omnibus_with_a_separate_copyright_notice}

h3.         B.  Omnibus _with_ a separate copyright notice

             In the example below, the copyright date is 2003 and the copyright holder is "David Weber"
             because he's the copyright holder of the entire short story collection, whereas the other authors
             are copyright holders of only their short stories.
             (The title of the short story _collection_ is:  "Service of the Sword: Worlds of Honor #4".)

\\
             {color:gray}*\_The Service of the Sword: Worlds of Honor #4*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 2003 by David Weber.\_*{color}

             {color:gray}*_"Promised Land" © 2003 by Jane Lindskold, "With One Stone" © 2003 by Timothy Zahn,_*{color}
             {color:gray}*_"A Ship Named Francis" © 2003 by John Ringo and Victor Mitchell, "Let's Go to Prague"*{color}
             {color:gray}*© 2003 by John Ringo, "Fanatic" © 2003 by Eric Flint, "The Service of the Sword"*{color}
             {color:gray}*© 2003 by David Weber._*{color}

\\
\\
             The following omnibus edition was previously published in separate volumes:

             {color:gray}*\_Ngaio Marsh: Five Complete Novels*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1983 by the Estate of Ngaio Marsh All Rights Reserved.*{color}
             {color:gray}*Scales of Justice Copyright © 1955 by Ngaio Marsh*{color}
             {color:gray}*Death of a Fool Copyright © 1956 by Ngaio Marsh*{color}
             {color:gray}*Tied Up in Tinsel Copyright © 1972 by Ngaio Marsh, Ltd.*{color}
             {color:gray}*Grave Mistake Copyright © 1978 by Ngaio Marsh Ltd.*{color}
             {color:gray}*Photo Finish Copyright © 1980 by Ngaio Marsh, Ltd.\_*{color}

             {color:gray}*_This 1983 edition is published by Avenel Books, distributed by Crown Publishers, Inc.,_*{color}
             {color:gray}*_by arrangement with Little, Brown and Company, Inc._*{color}

\\
             In the above example, the copyright date is 1983 and the copyright holder is "the Estate of Ngaio
             Marsh" (NOT Ngaio Marsh or Ngaio Marsh Ltd.) because the Estate of Ngaio Marsh is the
             copyright holder of the entire collection, while the other names are copyright holders of the original
             separate volumes.  The "publishing and distributing statement" should not be used to determine the
             copyright information.

\\
{anchor:5_copyright_omnibus_without_a_separate_copyright_notice}

h3.         C.  Omnibus _without_ a separate copyright notice

             In the case where the book is an omnibus of several books, and the omnibus does not contain
             a separate copyright notice (due to it not containing any new material which would require a
             copyright notice) then enter the date associated with the most recent copyright notice from among
             the books included in the omnibus.

             "Protector of the Small" is an example of an omnibus where the omnibus itself doesn't have a
             copyright notice.
             (The individual titles are:  "First Test", "Page", "Squire", and "Lady Knight".)

\\
             {color:gray}*\_First Test Copyright © 1999 by Tamora Pierce*{color}
             {color:gray}*Publishing History: Random House Hardcover, May 1999; Random House paperback,*{color}
             {color:gray}*May 2000*{color}
             {color:gray}*Page Copyright © 2000 by Tamora Pierce*{color}
             {color:gray}*Publishing History: Random House Hardcover, May 2000; Random House paperback,*{color}
             {color:gray}*May 2001*{color}
             {color:gray}*Squire Copyright © 2001 by Tamora Pierce*{color}
             {color:gray}*Publishing History: Random House Hardcover, May 2001; Random House paperback,*{color}
             {color:gray}*August 2002*{color}
             {color:gray}*Lady Knight Copyright © 2002 by Tamora Pierce*{color}
             {color:gray}*Publishing History: Random House Hardcover, August 2002; Random House paperback,*{color}
             {color:gray}*August 2003*{color}
             {color:gray}*First SFBC Science Fiction Printing: November 2004\_*{color}

\\
             In this example, the copyright notice for the last book in the series must be used since it has the
             most recent copyright date.  Thus the copyright date to be recorded is 2002 and the copyright
             holder is "Tamora Pierce".  The publisher name wasn't explicitly provided, but it's the Science
             Fiction and Fantasy Bookclub as identified in the last line of this example by its acronym
             ("SFBC").  The subsequent years of 2003 (for "Lady Knight") and 2004 (for the omnibus) are
             associated with the publishing history only and cannot be used for copyright dates.

\\
             As a final example, more recently, the two books by Dale Carnegie (that were mentioned in
             earlier examples) have been reprinted together.  While each book contains multiple copyright
             dates and copyright holders, the collection itself has no separate copyright notice.

             {color:gray}*\_How to Stop Worrying and Start Living*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948 by Dale Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1984 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*How to Win Friends and Influence People*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright © 1936 by Dale Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*Copyright renewed © 1964 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie*{color}
             {color:gray}*Revised edition copyright © 1981 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie\_*{color}

\\
             After a review of the copyright notices from both books, the most recent copyright date to be
             applied for this omnibus is 1984 and the copyright holders are "Donna Dale Carnegie and
             Dorothy Carnegie".

\\
{anchor:5_copyright_no_copyright_date}

h3.         D.  No copyright date

             If there is no copyright date, please reject the book. All books must have a valid copyright date.

\\
{anchor:5_for_help_determining_correct_copyright_date}

h3.         E.  For help determining the correct copyright date

             If you are unsure what copyright holder to use, you may send an email to:
             volunteer@Bookshare.org

             *with the entire copyright section pasted in the email.*

\\
             Alternatively, you could post the question on the  [Volunteer Discussion List|6. Extra reading#6_the_volunteer_discussion_list]

\\
[Top of   *5. The metadata*|#top_anypage|Top of "5. The Metadata"]\\

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{anchor:5_metadata_publisher}

h2. 5.8  Publisher

        You may enter:
        *\-*  Either the Imprint or the Publisher.
        *\-*  Either a subsidiary company or the parent company.

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{anchor:5_metadata_brief_synopsis}

h2. 5.9  Brief synopsis

        The Brief Synopsis +can be+:

        *\-*  Copied from a page in the Front Matter or Back Matter of the book (provided the synopsis is from
            the _book publisher_ and not from a quotation by someone else),

        *\-*  Copied from the book publisher's website,

        *\-*  Copied from the "Summary" part of the section:
            "Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data",
            if this sections exists, on the Copyright page,

        *\-*  Found on the front or back covers of the physical book  (but again, please do not select content
           from _book reviews_ or other _quoted material_),

        *\-*  Written in your own words.

\\
        {color:teal}*Do not use any part of a quote or a review that has been attributed to a person, magazine or*{color}
        {color:teal}*newspaper, or a review from an on-line bookseller's website such as Amazon.com or*{color}
        {color:teal}*Barnes & Noble.*{color}

\\
        *Exception:*  While looking at the detail page of a book on Amazon.com, text located under {color:teal}*Product*{color}
                           {color:teal}*Description*{color} is OK to copy verbatim, because this text comes specifically from the
                           publisher.  You may copy text *only* from this *one section* on any Amazon.com web page.

\\
        The Short Synopsis +must be+:

        *\-*  in the same language as the book being submitted,
        *\-*  less than 500 characters in length, including spaces.

        *TIP:*  Writing the synopsis ahead of time in a word processor allows the synopsis to be spell checked
                before it is copied and pasted into the field.

\\
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{anchor:5_metadata_complete_synopsis_long_synopsis}

h2. 5.10  Complete synopsis  (aka:  Long synopsis)

        The Complete Synopsis +can be+:

        *\-*  Copied from a page in the Front Matter or Back Matter of the book (provided the synopsis is from
            the _book publisher_ and not from a quotation by someone else),
            (If the longer synopsis is copied from the book, the submitter should state this clearly)

        *\-*  Copied from the book publisher's website,

        *\-*  Found on the front or back covers of the physical book  (but again, please do not select content
           from _book reviews_ or other _quoted material_),

        *\-*  Written in your own words.

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        The Complete Synopsis +must be+:
        *\-*  in the same language as the book being submitted,
        *\-*  less than 2500 characters in length, including spaces (approximately 500 words).

        {color:teal}*Do not use any part of a quote or a review that has been attributed to a person, magazine or*{color}
        {color:teal}*newspaper, or a review from an on-line bookseller's website such as Amazon.com or*{color}
        {color:teal}*Barnes & Noble.*{color}

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        *Exception:*  While looking at the detail page of a book on Amazon.com, text located under {color:teal}*Product*{color}
                           {color:teal}*Description*{color} is OK to copy verbatim, because this text comes specifically from the
                           publisher.  You may copy text *only* from this *one section* on any Amazon.com web page.

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h2. 5.11  Number of pages

        *\-*  This is usually the number of "pages in the book numbered in Arabic numerals."
            Often this number will not include pages in the Front Matter.

        *\-*  The exact number of pages is not critical.

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h2. 5.12  Adult Content

        Bookshare maintains a policy on Adult Content as explained later in this manual.  Please use your
        best judgment for determining adult content.

        While we understand and respect that different people have different standards for what is
        acceptable subject matter, a general guideline to consider is this:  in a large well-stocked bookstore,
        would somebody under the age of 18 be able to get this book off the shelf, pay for it, and walk away?

        Books of an obvious explicit sexual nature or that incite hate should be considered adult content.
        If unsure, mark the book as Adult Content, and explain in one or two sentences what about the
        content of the book warrants this selection in the comments field.

        Note that Bookshare reserves the right to make the final decision as to whether or not a book is
        considered adult content. See 

        [_B.  Adult Content policy,_  in the section:  6.5 Legal information|6. Extra reading#6_adult_content_policy].

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h2. 5.13  Categories



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h2. 5.14  The Comments box

        Enter any information which would help a volunteer proofread the submission as well as any information that an administrator might find helpful when approving the book.

        For example, if the copyright page is at the back of the book instead of the front, or if the ISBN is on the back cover but not inside the book, please mention these things in this section of the form.

        Volunteers can also copy and paste the book's copyright notice into this section to help make the approval process easier or to help explain how the book's copyright was verified if verification is requested by an administrator.

        Optionally, proofreaders would also appreciate it if you included your e-mail address when submitting a book since it will allow them to contact you if they encounter a problem that requires your help.

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